Patent Application Process: A Step-by-Step Overview

Embarking on the journey of patenting an invention can be both exhilarating and daunting. Understanding the process’s complexities is crucial for inventors looking to safeguard their intellectual property. While it may seem like a labyrinth, getting the help of qualified patent lawyers can make the road to patent ownership more straightforward.

Confusion often starts with patent jargon. Some terms, like “utility,” “design,” and “plant,” might sound strange, but they are essential for complete information regarding your invention. Utility patents cover new inventions or discoveries, design patents protect the appearance or aesthetics of an invention, and plant patents are for new plant varieties.

Once you’re familiar with the basics, you might think it’s easy to dive in, but follow your patent attorney’s advice and keep calm! Preliminary searches are vital to avoid wasting time and resources on an existing invention. Imagine the disappointment of going through the entire process only to find out someone else got there first.

This is where professional help comes into play. A patent attorney can provide invaluable guidance not just in the search phase but throughout the entire application process. They’ll help you draft your application, ensuring no critical elements are missing. A captivating abstract, detailed drawings, and well-crafted claims that define the scope of your invention are all integral to your application. So, as you can see, professional guidance from the right patent attorney isn’t a luxury; it’s a necessity.

Once your application is ready, submitting it can be pretty complicated. A plethora of forms and fees await you, and each mistake could lead to delays or even a rejection. After the application is filed, it’s in the hands of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), which will then review it for validity.

Expect some back and forth with the USPTO. They may issue what are called Office Actions, feedback, or questions about your application. Knowing how to respond to these actions is crucial and another area where your patent attorney can come in handy.

As you wait for the application to move through the pipeline, be prepared for amendments and revisions. Your initial submission is rarely the final version. These changes shouldn’t compromise the essence of your invention but refine its description or address questions from the patent office. Once it survives the scrutiny of examinations and interviews, the joy of having your patent application approved is unparalleled. But remember, this is not the end.

Once approved, keeping your patent alive involves some post-approval responsibilities, including maintenance fees. And let’s not forget the complexities if you aim to take your patent to the international stage. Things can also go south; you might have to abandon the application or appeal a decision, but setbacks can often be managed with the right help.

For those in Arizona, particularly Scottsdale and Phoenix, Parsons & Goltry, PLLC specializes in patent law. Our expertise can make your patent application process as seamless as possible.

The patent application process is intricate and filled with technicalities that could make or break your claim for an invention. But you can navigate these challenges successfully with due diligence, the right help from professional patent lawyers, and a comprehensive understanding of the process. Your patent isn’t just a certificate; it’s a fortress for your intellectual property. Make sure you build it on a solid foundation. For more details, make sure to get in touch with us today!

Client Approved


"Our company has worked with a number of patent attorneys and were so pleased when we began working with Parsons & Goltry nearly a decade ago. Mike Goltry's knowledge and attention to detail has enabled us to have numerous products patented and trademarks registered. We highly recommend this Law Firm."

- Sharon K.


"Michael Goltry is the most professional, honest and effective patent attorney whom I ever met in my 40 year professional engineering career. I started to work with him over 20 years ago and plan to work indefinitely."

- Zoltan Kemeny, PhD, Struct. Eng.


"Mr. Goltry took a provisional patent that we'd filed ourselves, and quickly and professionally turned our innovation into U.S. and foreign applications. His [patent claims] were a thing of beauty, and I was amazed by how deftly he countered the inevitable office actions. His language held up, and the U.S. Patent just issued. He was easy and efficient to work with, and his fees were remarkably reasonable. We're not planning to go anywhere else, ever."

- Ski Milburn, CEO, Victori, LLC


"I applied for a patent through Parsons & Goltry. After being on the docket for 2 years at the USPTO, I received notification that my patent request had been denied. Michael Goltry contacted me immediately to review my options. After I informed him of my decision to move forward, he filed a response to the USPTO. In his response he got the examiner to fully understand the claims in the patent application and the "denied" decision was reversed. I was able to secure and receive a "patent granted" decision. Thank you, Michael Goltry."

- Kathy H., Inventor


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Arizona’s premiere patent attorneys serving clients throughout the U.S. and internationally for almost 30 years.

Located in Scottsdale, Arizona, we serve clients locally as well as throughout the United States and across the world.