Patent Examination and Prior Art Searching

by Michael Goltry, Registered Patent Attorney (480-991-3537;

Patent examination is a complex fact-finding mission for providing predictable and reliable intellectual property rights. The prior art search is the foundation of this objective. A patent examiner’s ability to find the best prior art at the earliest possible time during the patent examination process ensures both quality and timeliness.

To enhance examiners’ ability to efficiently find the most relevant prior art in a body of references expanding numerically and globally, the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has improved prior art searching processes and tools that leverage the abilities of USPTO personnel. Recent endeavors implemented by the USPTO include:

-The new Patents End-to-End (PE2E) Search Tool for patent examiners on a web-based platform. The PE2E enables a flexible development of search functionality and access to over 70 million foreign documents.

-New search capabilities that utilize artificial intelligence (AI), including an AI-based prototype search system that enables examiners to find relevant prior art and machine learning to classify patent documents using the Cooperative Patent Classification system.

-The Peer Search Collaboration Pilot for learning and collaboration in which paired examiners independently search the same case and exchanged results and strategies.

-A Search and Classification Examiner position that provides examiner’s with searching expertise and training.

-Continuing education classes on search techniques and strategies, database searching, and non-patent literature searching using discipline-specific examples.

-Examiner training examiners on Global Dossier, which provides access to an entire patent family in one location, English machine translations, and the ability to view all citations in a single list.

-Updating examiner performance appraisals to increase the emphasis on searching at the planning and conducting stages, and providing the most relevant prior art as early as possible in prosecution.

Client Approved


"Our company has worked with a number of patent attorneys and were so pleased when we began working with Parsons & Goltry nearly a decade ago. Mike Goltry's knowledge and attention to detail has enabled us to have numerous products patented and trademarks registered. We highly recommend this Law Firm."

- Sharon K.


"Michael Goltry is the most professional, honest and effective patent attorney whom I ever met in my 40 year professional engineering career. I started to work with him over 20 years ago and plan to work indefinitely."

- Zoltan Kemeny, PhD, Struct. Eng.


"Mr. Goltry took a provisional patent that we'd filed ourselves, and quickly and professionally turned our innovation into U.S. and foreign applications. His [patent claims] were a thing of beauty, and I was amazed by how deftly he countered the inevitable office actions. His language held up, and the U.S. Patent just issued. He was easy and efficient to work with, and his fees were remarkably reasonable. We're not planning to go anywhere else, ever."

- Ski Milburn, CEO, Victori, LLC


"I applied for a patent through Parsons & Goltry. After being on the docket for 2 years at the USPTO, I received notification that my patent request had been denied. Michael Goltry contacted me immediately to review my options. After I informed him of my decision to move forward, he filed a response to the USPTO. In his response he got the examiner to fully understand the claims in the patent application and the "denied" decision was reversed. I was able to secure and receive a "patent granted" decision. Thank you, Michael Goltry."

- Kathy H., Inventor


10643 North Frank Lloyd

Wright Blvd. Suite 201

Scottsdale, AZ 85259

Phone: (480) 991-3435

Open 9-5pm Monday - Friday

Arizona’s premiere patent attorneys serving clients throughout the U.S. and internationally for almost 30 years.

Located in Scottsdale, Arizona, we serve clients locally as well as throughout the United States and across the world.